Business and politics are rife with jargon at the best of times, but Brexit has thrown up an entire lexicon of buzzwords and doublespeak – Brexit itself is a prime example, being a portmanteau combining Britain and Exit.
So, as the UK is set to leave the EU in exactly one year’s time, here is our Brexit jargon-buster.
Brexit jargon-buster (A – I)
Acquis communautaire – A French phrase that translates into the equally vague-sounding “Community Acquis”, it simply means the entire body of European Union law, including legislation, legal acts, and court decisions. Before any country can join the EU, it must incorporate this into its own law.
Article 50 – The European Union’s exit clause. Once it is triggered, a country formally and legally signals it is leaving the European Union. The UK invoked Article 50 one year ago today, giving itself two years to exit.
Brexit – A a portmanteau combining Britain and Exit that has become the accepted shorthand for Britain exiting the European Union.
Brexit day – March 29, 2019. This is the day when the UK is due to leave the European Union.
Brexiteers – The name given to anyone in favor of leaving the EU. Sometimes also called Brexiters.
Canada model – The EU and Canada Refers has a free-trade agreement that removes many of the trade barriers between the two. It is seen by some as a model the UK might adopt..
Common Agricultural Policy – This is an EU policy created to make sure that farmers in the EU produced enough food while maintaining a fair standard of living by providing financial support to them through a system of payments.
Customs union – This is a trade agreement under which two or more countries agree to waive import taxes, also known as tariffs, on goods from countries in the union and set a single rate for goods coming in from outside the union. Find out more by checking out What is a customs union? Why is it so important to Brexit?
Divorce bill – Estimated to be £37 billion, this is the money the UK has in principle agreed to pay the EU to settle up its share of unpaid bills, contributions to the EU budget for 2019 and 2020, pensions for EU officials, and numerous other obligations.
EU Withdrawal Bill – Also known as the repeal bill, this is legislation that will convert EU law into UK law, while repealing the European Communities Act, which took Britain into what was then the European Economic Community. Once these laws have been transferred, Parliament can decide which to keep and which to get rid of.
European Court of Justice (ECJ) – The EU’s highest legal authority, its decisions are binding on EU institutions and member states.
European Economic Area (EEA) – An area that covers the 28 European Union countries plus Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein, enabling those three countries not in the EU to be part of its single market by sticking to the rules of its single market and freedom of movement for people, goods, services and money.
European Free Trade Association (EFTA) – An organisation made up of the three non-EU countries in the EEA and Switzerland, who can trade freely with the single market in return for accepting its rules. As they’re not in the EU customs union, they can negotiate trade deals other non-EU countries.
Free-trade agreement – An agreement between countries to reduce trade barriers, including import or export taxes (tariffs) and import quotas, in order to increase trade in goods and services.
Freedom of movement – This founding EU principle enables member states’ citizens and their families to live and work in any other member state. This is the big one for those who voted ‘leave’ on grounds of immigration and ‘controlling our borders’.
Frictionless trade – Cutting tariffs, quotas, customs checks and other obstructions to make trade between the UK and the EU as easy as possible.
Hard border – A border controlled and protected by customs officials, police, or the military.
Hard Brexit – An EU exit that would see any ties between the UK and EU dissolved.
Irish border – The border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, which may become the only land border between the UK and the European Union and could open a new can of worms where Irish politics is concerned.
Brexit jargon-buster – from M to W is here